The story of Olney Hawkins Richmond (3♦) is a fascinating one indeed. Here we will take a closer look at this man who is also known as Yenlo. During the Civil War, he was a soldier in the Fourteenth Michigan infantry, and in the spring of 1864, his regiment was quartered at Nashville, Tennessee. One night, about 8 o’clock, while Olney was on camp-guard duty, he saw a man approaching. Olney first thought the man to be a spy, but immediately after he first saw him, the stranger spoke.
The stranger said, “your name is Richmond.” “Right,” responded Olney, supposing that some of his comrades had given him his name. “And your other name is Yenlo,” continued the stranger. Olney remarked, “There you are wrong, for that is not my given name.” “Yes, it is,” the man said, “at least that is the name given to you by my authorities, who have sent me to you: spell Yenlo backward and see what you make of it.” Richmond replied, “O-l-n-e-y, Olney, why yes that is my name.”
The stranger said, “Yes, and you were born on February 22, in the year 1844.” Olney asked, “How did you find that out?” “By the wonderful philosophy which I wish to communicate with you. I am a member of an order, which has been been lost to the public for many ages; I am a member of the ancient order of the Magi, which flourished in Egypt thousands of years ago. I feel that I am about to die, and am bound by the powers that rule me to convey the marvelous secrets which I hold to another, who shall live after me. You are that successor, and I wish you to call on me at No. …….. street some evening, and very soon, for I am sure that I shall not live long.” Richmond’s curiosity was roused and he promised to do as the stranger wished.
“The man was a tall, thin, hollow-cheeked individual, and very earnest in his conversation. I called…” The rest of Olney Richmond’s encounter can read in the Articles section titled “A MYSTERIOUS TALE“.
(The article was originally published in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Daily Democrat, March 2, 1890. Another similar article was published in the Chicago Tribune Saturday, December 29, 1894 Saturday on Page 4. It is also found in Arline L. Richmond’s book, Yenlo and the Mystic Brotherhood.)
Who is Arline L. Richmond?
After serving in the Civil War with the 14th Michigan Infantry, Olney returned to Michigan and started his own chemist store. He married Cornelia Hill and had two daughters, Merta and Flora. In 1884, he became World Checker Champion, a field in which he was considered a master. Finally, in 1889, he set up his first Temple in Grand Rapids, then sold his business and moved the family and the Temple to Chicago in 1890.
Olney Richmond spent the rest of his life, until he died in 1920, writing, lecturing, teaching and attending to the Temple duties. He divorced Cornelia in 1899 and married Verona later that same year.
Pauline Goede (3♦) was born June 14, 1891. (Her father died when she was six months old and her mother remarried. Pauline then became known as Arline Hoefer/Hӧfer.) In 1909, Olney was in poor health and in 1911, Arline moved in with the Richmond’s as a nurse. She ended up driving a wedge between Olney and Verona.
Olney and Verona never divorced although they did live apart at various times. Arline stayed on with Olney until his death, helping with Temple duties and acting as his nursemaid. Arline didn’t legally changed her name until April 18, 1921, after Olney Richmond’s death.
Olney suffered with asthma, hay fever and bronchitis and would frequently spend his summers elsewhere, including Wisconsin, and later return to the family in the winter. Because Arline Hӧfer later changed her name to Arline L. Richmond, many identify her as Olney Richmond’s daughter, but this is incorrect. However, Arline did claim that the Richmonds “adopted” her, with the understanding that she would receive a musical education. She stated that instead she was only given hard work.
In her writings, Arline refers to him as “Brother Yenlo” and “Mr. Richmond” not my father, my dad, etc. Here is a page from her book “Yenlo and the Mystic Brotherhood” describing a cottage that they built together and where they spent six summers together.
Here is one of the last pictures taken of Mr. Richmond before his passed away. Although he looks happy, the tired look is there also. Miss Richmond also was beginning to show the strain of overwork. Classes were too large in those days and members lacked genuine interest in the Temple work.
Mr. Richmond’s health was beginning to fail, due largely to three attacks of the influenza suffered by Arline, who was then his sole companion and manger of the Temple work.
It was at this location, 4435 N. Leavitt Street, Evanston, Illinois, one floor up, that Olney Richmond collapsed on March 21st, 1920. He later passed away on March 30th at age 76.
Arline L.Richmond’s book, Yenlo and the Mystic Brotherhood, is a compilation of lectures, letters, poems, notices and articles. Miss Richmond made a poignant comment in her Foreward on page 6 about Olney Richmond and the sacrifices he made to share Cardology with the world:
“…Mr. Richmond passed away March 30, 1920. He was loved in his old age by many, but understood by only a few. He was better understood in the Checker and Chess world, his hobby, than in the field of religion, his Mission. Nevertheless, as the result of his coming and against all opposition, his work is done! The world is being washed today in its own blood, to receive the works this faithful and trusted servant of the Most High O.M. brought for the regeneration of Terra. One day the world will awake to discover that while they were busy killing each others, with every scientific means known to man, the gates of Heaven were quietly opened.”
Portions of Arline L.Richmond’s book, Yenlo and the Mystic Brotherhood, can be found online at: https://books.google.com/books?id=vCDVpekppLUC&pgved
(Pages displayed by permission of Health Research Books)
More about Arline L. Richmond
Arline Hoefer/Hӧfer (Pauline Goede never legally changed her name until April 18, 1921, after Olney’s death. It was reported in the newspapers that after Olney Richmond died, Arline and his widow, Verona, fought over possessions in the Temple.
The Winnipeg Tribune April 10, 1920 page 24.
The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia reported on page 2 on Sunday, May 9, 1920 Verona and Arline even fought over Richmond’s corpse and had prepared two different graves for him.
Olney H. Hawkins was buried April 6th, 1920 at Forest Home Cemetery, Lot 180, Section 7, near Chicago, in the family plot, now unmarked. He was buried with Vernon and Benjamin Doane, children of Verona M. (Doane) Richmond, Olney’s second wife. Verona died August 8, 1936 and was buried in the same family plot on August 11, 1936.
“PRIESTESS NOW RESTS IN JAIL”
Charged with Stealing the “Secrets of Universe“
Miss Arline Hoffman [Hawkins not Hoffman] Richmond, high priestess of the Order of the Magi, is in jail in Minneapolis. Miss Arline has been missing for several months—ever since following the death of her foster-father, Olney Richmond, grand master of the Magi, she fled with all the rites and rituals and paraphernalia of the order. It nearly put the order “out of business,” so they say. She took the breast plate of the high priest—set with precious stones—the astral mirror, the charts and zodiacal emblems, the altar cloth, sacred candlesticks and the trident and pear, the ritual books and prophetic parchments, the ceremonial robes and the priestly black jewels-as well as the little black box that contained “all the secrets of the universe.”
Verona had formally charged Arline with grand larceny alleging that she stole a $103 check. There were other charges, but this was the main one.
Despite her challenges, Arline continued on to oversee the activities in the Temple and, years later on February 22, 1944, celebrated what would have been Olney Richmond’s 100th birthday with fellow Order of the Magi members. It is believed that Arline never married and later died in 1954 at age 62, presumably in Chicago or Evanston.
The Temple of the Order of the Magi at 64 W. Randolph Street was located in a bustling area of Chicago filled with cable cars in late 1800s and early 1900s.
What was once the Temple of the Magi at 64 W. Randolph Street is now the Center Cafeteria in Chicago’s “The Loop”. The Loop is the central business district of Chicago, Illinois. It is one of the city’s 77 designated community areas. The Loop is home to Chicago’s commercial core, City Hall, and the seat of Cook County. In the late nineteenth century, cable car turnarounds and prominent elevated railway encircled the area, giving the Loop its name.
IAC Founder’s Comment: I trust that you will continue to research more about the Order of the Magi, Olney H. Richmond, Arline Richmond and others who have gone through some much to bring this magical ancient system to each of us today. Here you are reading about real people with their own karma and challenges; just like the rest of us with their own flaws and imperfections.
While none of us on Earth are perfect, what is important to grasp is the valuable system of Cardology and the work of Olney in bringing it from centuries of obscurity out into the light of world for all to see. This system of knowledge stands alone, apart from the mere mortals, like Olney and Arline, who have sacrificed so much to get it to where it is today…free on this website and on the internet.
If anyone reading this has any further information about Olney and the sacred science of the cards, please contact me at Gina@Cardology.org or or contact historian/author Iain Mc-Laren-Owens at Astro-Cards Enterprises via email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
To learn more about the history of Olney H. Richmond, his genealogy, local newspaper/magazine articles about him and the Temple, Temple odes and rituals, bio and adventures of Arline Richmond, Olney’s chess and checker career, the war years and records, Olney’s pension files and personal records, Widow’s Claim records and Verona’s attempts to acquire Olney’s war pension, letters and postcards, history of the Temple, and the astrological charts and comparisons of Olney, Cornelia, Verona and Pauline Goede (Arline Richmond), please contact Iain McLaren-Owens for a PDF of his book Articles on The Order Of The Magi & Its History (3rd Ed.). His book includes copies of actual documents.